Pain treatments: Interferential treatments... The ancient chinese techniques of acupuncture, the application of skin irritants such as linaments, simply rubbing an injury and other methods of skin stimulation reduce pain by counter- irritation and a reduction of pain transmission through the ‘pain gate’ within the spinal cord. The effectiveness of such techniques which ‘interfere’ with pain transmission and perception may be due to the increase of the body’s own ‘pain killers’ which are increased with exercise, in stressful situations, and whose effect can be reversed experimentally to confirm the mechanism. In clinical pain practice, several different methods of interferential therapy are available. Acupuncture is recognised as an effective way to reduce pain in certain conditions and although the benefits may be temporary, the treatment may assist mobilisation and therefore recovery in some cases. TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) is widely effective in pain management and low cost machines are available commercially. When correctly positioned the treatment pads can reduce pain effectively and the benefits commonly outlast the duration of stimulation. There is good clinical evidence supporting TENS for many pain conditions, and especially as adjuvant therapy in pain management.  
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